1-11-PPJ Josh Hollander

Break Summary: I kept tweaking the city scatter, and also added some code to make it scatter pre-defined buildings instead of just scaling a cylinder mesh.  I also worked on our rendering setup, getting in touch with IT to make sure the farm is working as well as it needs to.

City Scatter


  • Summary: I further refined the city scatter in xGen, and wrote an expression for it to choose from pre-defined building models based on the desired size.  This means that it’s all ready to go, technically speaking, and we just need to make some building models for it.
  • Positives: The hardest part of making the city is done, and now we just need to make a few building variations for it to use.
  • Negatives: None
  • Hours: 6

Rendering Logistics

  • Summary: I spent a little bit of time checking up on the render farm, making sure it’s good to go in the coming term.  It’s not yet, but it should be totally operational within a few days and we can begin rendering our project this term.
  • Positives: We’re on track to begin rendering early in the term.
  • Negatives: I still can’t work out a finalized project hierarchy without the farm working, and even though it should be fixed soon, it should’ve been fixed quite a while ago.
  • Hours: 2


  1. Model detailed temple interior
  2. Make a few building models

12-1-PPJ Josh Hollander

This week, I mostly worked with xGen to procedurally generate our cityscape in Maya.  I also worked with Val to create the fur shader for Danforth’s hat.

xGen Cityscape


  • Summary: I set up the foundation for our city in Maya’s procedural generation plugin, xGen.  It builds the city based off of a few input maps and some scripted rules; right now, it’s only scattering 5-sided cylinders but these can easily be swapped out for proper building models!
  • Positives: The hardest parts of this are done.  I’ve gotten xGen stable, all values are in the right ballpark, and I’ve figured out how to export the resulting scatter as instances so we don’t need to worry about getting xGen to work on the farm.  What’s next is tweaking values and creating proper buildings to be scattered around the city.
  • Negatives: xGen is possibly the least stable program I’ve ever worked with.  I averaged a crash every 20 minutes working with it, which is why I’m so keen on exporting as instances ASAP.  The sooner we’re not reliant on xGen, the better.
  • Hours: 10

Fur Shader


  • Summary: I’ve been working on creating the shader for Danforth’s Hat’s lining, which is supposed to be a dense fluffy fur.  I got it looking pretty good with displacements and a light coating of VRayFur, but it needs a lot of optimization to be viable for production.
  • Positives: Got the look down pat, just need to make it faster now!
  • Negatives: It’s slow.  Super-slow.
  • Hours: 6


  1. Continue working with xGen to create the cityscape.
  2. Optimize the fur shader
  3. Start detailing  environments!

11-24-PPJ Josh Hollander

I missed last week’s PPJ, so tonight’s will be something of a double feature.

Last week, I worked with Gabe and his merry band of animators to get all our scenes ready to go with cameras, display layers, proper heirarchical organization, etc.  I also worked on styling VRayFur for Danforth’s hat lining, and figuring out how to best re-generate our city in Maya.

Layout / Scene Preparation (last week)

  • Summary: Finished placing cameras in our scenes, cleaned up the outliner, made sure everything was named sensibly and consistently, and set up references and display layers as per Gabe’s request.  All our scenes are now ready for our animators!
  • Positives: I’m free to start detailing our environments, do render tests, etc. now that the animators have what they need.
  • Negatives: None.
  • Hours: 4-5


  • Summary: I helped Val out with designing lining for Danforth’s hat.  It’s supposed to be a wooly / cotton lining (see above), and I tried creating it using VRayFur.  The results were promising, but not quite what we were going for…  I think a blend of displacement mapping or particle scattering with a thin layer of fur for detail will be our best bet, and will test it this week.
  • Positives: Creating the whole lining using fur is surprisingly fast, both to tweak and render.  And though the look this produces is not quite right, it can easily be combined with some other elements to make a much better appearance.
  • Negatives: Nada.
  • Hours: 2

City Re-Generation

  • Summary: The original drafts of the city were created using a procedural generation script for 3DS Max, and unfortunately Maya doesn’t have anything similar.  I spent a while looking for a good procedural solution in Maya, something that would allow me to easily update building models and control height, distribution, etc.  After hours of searching and testing, the most promising tool appears to be XGen, though it’s somewhat notoriously unstable at the moment…
  • Positives: With XGen’s expressions and mapping system, I should be able to broadly control how the cityscape generates, and hopefully export the final product as a particle system or a bunch of instances.
  • Negatives: XGen is very unstable (it crashed on launch several times while I was testing it), and that really scares me.  I want to be sure this won’t cause any problems during rendering or for our animators before implementing it.
  • Hours: 4


  1. Stress-test XGen, with anticipation of using it for cityscape.
  2. Spruce up the city and temple scenes for our end-of-term presentation!

11-9-PPJ Josh Hollander

This week we continued work on camera layout, though it was delayed again by confusion over our storyboards.  I also worked with Val on solving issues with our project heirarchy, organization, and how to make it compatible with both the renderfarm and our team’s computers (more difficult than you’d think)

Camera Layout

  • Summary: Same as last week, just re-creating our storyboards in our rough 3D environments so animation can begin.
  • Positives: Scenes are finally moving on to the animation stage!
  • Negatives: Due to confusion around which storyboards are the most up-to-date, as last week very little work got done on this front.
  • Hours: 3

Project Organization / Logistics

  • Summary: We worked on figuring out the best way to compartmentalize our project and keep it neatly structured without getting redundant and difficult to manage, settling on a system using symlinks to reference folders with shared assets etc.
  • Positives: The kinks are pretty much ironed out, our system should make switching between on and off campus computers a breeze and make navigating the project directories as painless as possible!
  • Negatives: The renderfarm has been out of commission recently, so we can’t test our system on there.  It should work, but in case it doesn’t we have a few backup plans.
  • Hours: 5


  1. Finish camera layout, we really should’ve wrapped this up ages ago
  2. Work on adding detail to city, recreating procedural generation in Maya

11-2-PPJ Josh Hollander

This week I started placing our cameras according to the latest storyboards, and also worked on making an nCloth tent that can be used in Lake’s camp.

Camera Layout


  • Summary: I started placing stand-in props and static cameras in our 3D scenes to match the latest storyboards, so that we can begin our pop-through animation.  Even though these cameras will all be replaced down the line, they serve as a guideline for where our actors need to be, roughly what will be in frame, etc.
  • Positives: Recreating our storyboards in 3D helped iron out some weird framing issues and highlight where we may need another shot or two to convey what’s going on in a scene.
  • Negatives: After all our script revisions our storyboards are scattered all over the place, and it’s unclear which are the most up-to-date.  Because of this, I was only able to work on cameras for two scenes.  Luckily, this will be a non-issue once we round up all the latest boards!
  • Hours: 3

Tent Sim


  • Summary: This tent is several cloth sims combined together, and could serve as the basis for the tents around Lake’s camp.  Because of the way it is set up, any part of the tent that doesn’t interact with our characters can be simmed and saved out ahead of time, so that only the flaps, for example, have to be re-simmed after animating.
  • Positives: It’s a surprisingly stable and fast sim, considering all the interacting pieces of cloth.  It should be easy to continue adding on to.
  • Negatives: It’s not fast enough to sim in real-time, so when animating with it we’ll have to make adjustments, bake the sim, and see how it looks.
  • Hours: 5


  1. Complete camera layout, set up files on a shot-by-shot basis to begin animating

10-26-PPJ Josh Hollander

This week I worked on *drumroll* laying out our city environments!

City Scenes Rough-in


  • Summary: The city scenes are all layed out and ready for animation – that’s the temple, exterior ancient city, and mountain pass scenes – as well as the intro cave scene.  With our script finalized (finally!) and new storyboards pouring in we’re in great shape to start laying out our shots and begining our pop-through animation!
  • Positives: See above; but really, everything’s starting to solidify and we’re about to really start moving forward on this thing.
  • Negatives: Nada esta semana
  • Hours: 4


  1. Do some cleanup and organization on environment files to make them easier to work with
  2. Lay out cameras and recreate storyboards in 3D


10-19-PPJ Josh Hollander

This week I went back to working on layout for our city environments, mainly finishing the Temple rough-in.

City Scenes Rough-in


  • Summary: I’ve almost finished the rough Temple environment, with only a few key details left to be worked out.  With our final script taking shape, I’ve also begun work on the other city scenes.  Our goal is to have a first draft of all environments roughed in by Wednesday, and I think we’re on track for that.  Lake’s camp and the Temple are the most complicated environments by far, and they’ve been worked on for the longest (by Ethan and myself, respectively).
  • Positives: v01 of the Temple is nearly ready for animation; the floor just needs some more polys and one key detail needs to be worked out.  The other city environments have been started, and should move along much faster than the Temple environment.
  • Negatives: Not much this week, now that the script is nearing finality we can lock down the remaining environments pretty quickly.
  • Hours: 4


  1. Finish rough city environments
  2. Discuss layouts with team (Wednesday)
  3. Refine layouts and start placing cameras according to storyboards (pending script finalization)